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SER-CAT Outstanding Science Award - 2020

Alternate: Nat Cancer 1, 86–98 (2020).


Trispecific antibodies enhance the therapeutic efficacy of tumor-directed T cells through T cell receptor co-stimulation.


Despite the significant therapeutic advances provided by immune-checkpoint blockade and chimeric antigen receptor T cell treatments, many malignancies remain unresponsive to immunotherapy. Bispecific antibodies targeting tumor antigens and activating T cell receptor signaling have shown some clinical efficacy; however, providing co-stimulatory signals may improve T cell responses against tumors. Here, we developed a trispecific antibody that interacts with CD38, CD3 and CD28 to enhance both T cell activation and tumor targeting. The engagement of both CD3 and CD28 affords efficient T cell stimulation, whereas the anti-CD38 domain directs T cells to myeloma cells, as well as to certain lymphomas and leukemias. In vivo administration of this antibody suppressed myeloma growth in a humanized mouse model and also stimulated memory/effector T cell proliferation and reduced regulatory T cells in non-human primates at well-tolerated doses. Collectively, trispecific antibodies represent a promising platform for cancer immunotherapy.